Article 27-12

УДК 681.3.06

BIOMONITORING OF THE SURFACE WATER QUALITY WITH USE OF FRESH WATER BIVALVIA MOLUSCS

V.V. Trusevich, K.A. Kuzmin, V.J. Mishurov

Institute of Natural and Technical Systems, Russian Federation, Sevastopol, Lenin St., 28

It is positioned that an index safe state of an fresh-water reservoirs is presence at bivalvia of an accurate day-night rhythm locomotion of shells. Copper ions possess the greatest damaging influence for fresh water mussels, limit of sensibility compounds 0,006 mg/1. Presence in an water reservoirs of high concentration of humic substances sharply reduces negative influence of ions of lead and cadmium, limit of sensibility compounds 0,5 and 0,1 mg/1 accordingly. In running water damaging influence of ions of metals more low, than in stagnant waters.

Keywords: biomonitoring, fresh-water reservoirs, перловица, locomotion of shells, a day-night rhythm, ions of copper, cadmium, lead, laurilsulfat.

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