E.S. Kashirina1, E.I. Golubeva2
1Sevastopol Branch of M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russian Federation, Sevastopol, Geroyev Sevastopolya St., 7
2M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Geography, Environmental Management Department, Russian Federation, Moscow, Leninskie Gory St., 1
The article shows some approaches to the organization of recreational monitoring of the Great Sevastopol trail (Southwest of the Crimean peninsula), as a regional route of active tourism. The results of recreational impacts on soil, vegetation and landscape of the Sevastopol region are analyzed. The regional route that is currently being developed is the Great Sevastopol trail passing from the mouth of the Belbek river to Balaklava. Moreover, the GST route passes through some protected natural areas: landscape reserves «Bayardsky», «Cape Ayya», «Laspi», the monument of nature «Urochishche «Skaly Laspi».
In order to assess the state of natural complexes under the conditions of the BSG, the organization of recreational monitoring is needed. The recreational monitoring of the GST should include two blocks: accounting of recreational loads and assessment of the state of the landscape components under their influence. Direct counting of recreants can be supplemented with remote data of open spatial information services – GPSies, Wikiloc, MapMyFitness, etc.
Some recommendations for the selection of key sites and indicators of the state of soil and vegetation are given. It is determined that the system of recreational monitoring of the Great Sevastopol Trail depends on the landscape structure and should include at least 36 trial plots. In the system of the main components of the landscape monitoring, showing the influence of recreation, the main indicator role belongs to the soil cover, in particular the development of erosion processes and vegetation, its structural and functional features and species composition of communities. The deciduous forests are the most resistant to recreational loads,while juniper high forests and Pitsunda pine are the least resistant. The field studies and calculations revealed that the organization of recreational monitoring in different landscapes and rationing of recreational loads at a level of no more than 100 people. per day/ ha will ensure the sustainable development of active tourism on the trail.
Keywords: tourism, recreational digression, landscape, natural protected areas, GIS-technologies, Sevastopol, Crimea.
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