Institute of Natural and Technical Systems, Sochi Branch, RF, Sochi, Kurortniy Av., 99/18.
Scientific Research Center of the Russian Academy of Science, RF, Sochi, Teatral’naya St., 8A
UDC 338.23; 502
The article analyzes the international experience of developing a single cross-country strategy for the transition to the model of “green” economy and ensuring the active involvement of all participating countries in its implementation. The main attention is paid to the study of the mechanisms and tools used by the European Union to solve the problem of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, as the most developed and quite successfully used. The algorithm of decision-making and the mechanism of taking into account the difference in the levels of socio – economic and technological development of the participating countries are analyzed.
The work was carried out to test the hypothesis of the possibility of using the experience gained by the international community in solving national and regional environmental problems of such a multi-regional state as Russia, characterized not only by the enormous environmental potential, but also by a complex of serious problems associated with its use, heterogeneity in regional development levels, various resource provision and multidirectional in terms of sustainable development interests. It is concluded that the experience of the European Union countries, both positive and negative, is interesting, for it demonstrates not only the possibility of using various mechanisms of coordination and cooperation of the regions, but also the emerging problems, and possible ways to solve them effectively.
The obtained results prove the relevance of further studies of the mechanisms for harmonization of relations between man and nature, allow determining the main directions of improvement of national and regional policy of transition to a “green” economy.
Keywords: “green” economy, mechanism of eco-oriented transfer, international experience.
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