L.O. Shtripling, V.V. Bazhenov, N.S. Bazhenova
Omsk State Technical University, RF, Omsk, Mira Av., 11
The work focuses on the important issue of air quality control in settlements on the territory of which industrial enterprises operate, and identification of sources of excess emissions. The main problem in monitoring and control of air quality is to localize sources of excess emissions. The problem of identifying the source of excess emissions is related both to the complexity of the mathematical apparatus used in the calculation of concentrations of pollutants and operational one for determining the circle of suspected legal entities, as well as the duration of procedures for coordination of on-site inspections of industrial facilities. The article presents a description of the method of localization and identification of the source of excess emission, which is based on the solution of the inverse problem of dispersion of the pollutant in the atmosphere.
The article provides the rationale for reducing the search for sources of excess emissions. The results of the estimated emission power, the determination of the multiplicity of excess for each of the considered sources and the identification of the most probable source that allowed excess emission are presented. Also, the analysis of points for additional sampling, which determined the optimal route for the mobile laboratory, is made. Thus, the location localization and the source identification is proposed to be carried out in several stages, which allows as soon as possible to narrow the range of possible culprits of excess pollution and quickly (based on the results of the selection of two air samples) to confirm the guilt of a specific source of pollutant emissions.
Keywords: Air pollution, emissions, excess emissions, source localization, source identification.
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