Opportunities of structural optimization of fire and explosion hazardous objects protection ergatic systems

I.V. Sevrikov, R.R. Ablaеv, О.V. Samsonova, V.V. Sevrikov

Sevastopol State University,  RF, Sevastopol, Universitetskaya St., 33

Email: ksushakisya@mail.ru

DOI: 10.33075/2220-5861-2020-1-77-85

UDC 519.812.3

Abstract:

     The major hazard facilities are widespread in most economic sectors. All major hazard facilities can be divided into four groups:  explosion and fire, radiation, chemically hazardous and biohazardous objects with the presence of harmful substances of 1–4 hazard classes. This research focuses on the control and protection of explosion and fire hazardous facilities.  Explosive and fire hazardous facilities, more often than others, can result in accidents accompanied by significant economic damage and often human losses. The most effective method for reducing the facilities danger level is continuous active monitoring of the concentrations of explosive and combustible substances at the facilities. Such control is carried out by means of automatic or automated systems using special devices.  In addition to the measurement functions, active monitoring using automated systems provide the active protection functions of the facilities i.e. suppress or eliminate the escalation of a dangerous situation if it occurs. The following control and management systems are known: social, technical and socio-technical ones.  Socio-technical systems operating in the fields of fire safety, life safety, labor protection, control and surveillance and security sphere are called ergatic systems.

     The conditions, criteria and sequence of optimization of ergatic protection systems for explosion and fire hazardous facilities are formulated in the present article.  The features of the synthesis problem of the optimal system in general terms and the structural diagram of the sequence of the ergatic system optimization for fire and explosion hazard conditions are given.

Keywords: hazardous objects, ergatic system, optimization criterion, objective function, synthesis, control, consistency, optimization conditions.

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[IEEE] I. V. Sevrikov, R. R. Ablaеv, О. V. Samsonova, and V. V. Sevrikov, “Opportunities of structural optimization of fire and explosion hazardous objects protection ergatic systems,” Monitoring systems of environment, no. 1, pp. 77–85, Mar. 2020.

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LIST OF REFERENCES

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