V.P. Evstigneev1,2, V.A. Naumova2, D.Yu.Voronin1, M.P. Evstigneev1
1Sevastopol State University, RF, Sevastopol, Universitetskaya St., 33
2Institute of Natural and Technical Systems, RF, Sevastopol, Lenin St., 28
A look at the dynamics and genesis of the climate monitoring system leads to the idea that it should have features of an adaptive system. This thesis derives from the fact that in the Earth’s climate system there are rather powerful (in terms of energy) quasi-periodic and unidirectional processes of different time scales. On the other hand, the implementation of management decisions in the policy of socio-economic development of the region inevitably leads to the need for expanding the network of monitoring stations and new directive requirements for the content and quality of synthesized information.
In the present study an attempt is made to show the need to transform the climate monitoring system into an adaptive system using the example of the Sevastopol region. In order to do this, we consider monitoring of air temperature as one of the main indicators used to analyze climate change, both globally and regionally.
The quality of information generated by the monitoring system on the example of air temperature characteristics is considered. A description of the current state of temperature conditions in the region is presented. Trends of air temperature climate change and gradual changes in the climatic 30-year normals of the mean annual air temperature has been analyzed.
It is concluded that the non-stationarity of the global and regional climate and the need to change the density and structure of observation network leads to the need to transform the system of climate monitoring to the adaptive system. Such a system should be capable of parametric self-adjustment and structural adaptation to changing conditions.
Keywords: climate monitoring, air temperature, adaptive system, Sevastopol region, climate change.
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