The main objects of anthropogenic impact on the Kerch strait water environment according to hydrooptical and hydro-chemical observation data

P.D. Lomakin1,2, S.S. Zhugailo3, B.N. Panov3, A.I. Chepyzhenko1, A.A. Chepyzhenko1

1Federal State Budget Scientific Organization Federal Research Center “Marine Hydrophysical Institute”,

RF, Sevastopol, Kapitanskaya St., 2

2Institute of the Natural and Technical Systems, RF, Sevastopol, Lenin St., 28

3The Azov-Black Sea Branch of Russian Federal “Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography”

(“AzNIIRKH”), Rostov-on-Don, Beregovaya St., 21v

E-mail: p_lomakin@mail.ru

DOI: 10.33075/2220-5861-2020-4-75-85

UDC 504+551. 465

Abstract:

   Based on expeditionary data of Marine Hydrophysical Institute (MHI, Sevastopol) and Southern Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography (YugNIRO, Kerch), the main objects of economic activity that result in anthropogenic impact on the Kerch Strait waters and adjacent areas of the Sea of Azov and the Black Sea are identified. The result of typification of TSM (z) and DOM (z) vertical profiles is considered. Zoning schemes for the studied water area by typical features of field stratification of these values ​​are proposed. Along with relatively “smooth” profiles, which characterize the unpolluted waters of the Sea of Azov and the Black Sea interacting in the Strait, the TSM (z) and DOM (z) profiles which have a special non-monotonic form with thin layers of water, with concentrations of estimated values several and ten times exceeding their background content are established. This stratification type indicates waters under anthropogenic impact, and its range is represented by individual lenses with high TSM and DOM content. It is established that such lenses are located near the main objects of economic activity (ports, cargo terminals, dumping zones, raid transshipment points, etc.), which transport anthropogenic total suspended matter and dissolved organic matter to the aquatic environment. The impact of identified anthropogenic objects in the TSM and DOM concentration fields is estimated at 1-6 miles. Based on complex analysis of standard hydrochemical observations, it is shown that these objects are also significant sources of water pollution in the studied region.

Keywords: total suspended matter, dissolved organic matter, anthropogenic impact, contamination, the Kerch Strait.

Full text in PDF(RUS)

LIST OF REFERENCES

  1. Twardowski M.S., Lewis M.R., Barnard A.H., Zaneveld J. R. V. (2007) In-Water Instrumentation and Platforms for Ocean Color Remote Sensing Applications // In book: Remote Sensing of Coastal Aquatic Environments. Chapter 4. Remote Sensing and Digital Image Processing, vol 7. Springer, Dordrecht. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-3100-7_4 (application date: 13.07.2019).
  2. Hydrobiophysical multiparameter in-situ autonomous meter “Condor”. URL: http://ecodevice.com.ru/ecodevice-catalogue/multiturbidimeter-kondor (application date: 26.05. 2020).
  3. Karlsson C. M. G., Cerro-Galvez E., Lundin D., Karlsson C., Vila-Costa M., Pinhassi1 J. (2019) Direct effects of organic pollutants on the growth and gene expression of the Baltic Sea model bacterium Rheinheimera sp. BAL341/ Microbial Biotechnology. 12(5). DOI: 10.1111/1751-7915.13441 (application date: 13.07.2019).
  4. Boss E. S., Pegau W. S., Zaneveld J. R.,  Barnard A. H. (2001) Spatial and temporal variability of absorption by dissolved material at a continental shelf // Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. Vol. 106. №. C5. P. 9499–9508. DOI: 10.1029/2000JC900008 (application date:   13.07.2019).
  5. Tedetti M., Longhitano R., Garcia N., Guigue C., Ferretto N., Goutx M. (2012) Fluorescence properties of dissolved organic matter in coastal Mediterranean waters influenced by a municipal sewage effluent (Bay of Marseilles, France) // Environ. Chem. Vol. 9. № 5. P. 438 – 449. doi:10.1071/EN12081 (application date: 13.07.2019).
  6. Sapozhnikov V.V. Complex investigations of the Kerch Strait / Sapozhnikov V.V., Kumantsov M.I., Agatova A.I., Arzhanova N.V., Lapina N.M., Roi V.I., Stolyarskii S.I., Bondarenko L.G., Panov B.N., Grishin A.N., Zhugailo S.V.// Oceanology. 2011. V. 51. №.5. P. 896–898. URL: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=17057043 (application date: 12.07.2019).
  7. Trotsenko B.G. Variability of hydrological, hydrochemical and hydrobiological parameters influence assessment on the Kerch Strait bioproductivity / B.G. Trotsenko, S.S. Zhugailo, L.K. Sebah. [et al.] // Main results of comprehensive research in the Azov-Black Sea basin and the World Ocean: collection of articles. Scientific papers. Kerch. 2012. P. 86–97.
  8. Panov B.N. Oceanographic assessment of the modern anthropogenic impact consequences on the Kerch Strait ecosystem / B.N. Panov, P.D. Lomakin, S.S. Zhugailo // Scientific Notes of Tavricheskiy National University: “Geography” series. 2011. V. 24 (63). №. 1. P. 109–120.
  9. Petrenko O.A. Results of the Azov-Black Sea fishery basin marine environment pollution level long-term studies / O.A. Petrenko, S.S. Zhugailo T.M. Avdeeva // Main results of complex research in the Azov-Black Sea fishery basin and the World Ocean: collection of articles. Scientific works. Kerch. 2015. P. 4–18.
  10. Lomakin P.D., Chepyzhenko A.I., Chepyzhenko A.A. Typification and zoning of the Kerch Strait waters according to specific stratification of total suspended matter concentration // Environmental safety of coastal and shelf zones of the sea. 2019. Vol. 2. P. 94–102. DOI: 10.22449/2413-5577-2019-2-94-102 (application date: 13.07.2019).
  11. Peter M Chapman, April Hayward, John Faithful (2017) Total Suspended Solids Effects on Freshwater Lake Biota Other than Fish // Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. Vol. 99. №. 5. P. 423–427. DOI: 10.1007/s00128-017-2154-y (application date: 13.06.2019).
  12. The main sources of anthropogenic impact on the Kerch Strait ecosystem // Environmental studies of YugNIRO. Presentation. Slide number 23. http://www.myshared.ru/slide/642219/ (application date: 16.06.2020).
  13. Petrenko O.A., Sebakh L.K., Fashchuk D.Ya. Some environmental consequences of soil dumping in the Black Sea as a result of dredging operations in Kerch Strait // Water Resources. 2002. Vol. 29. №. 5. P. 573–586. DOI: 10.1023/A:1020338201171 (application date: 16.06. 2020). 14. Persistent Organic pollutants.http://marinespecies.org/introduced/wiki/Coastal_pollution_and_impacts#Persistent_Organic_Pollutants_.28POPs.29 (application date:   13.07.2019).
  14. Petrenko O.A. Features of oil pollution of the Kerch Strait at the present stage // IV international conference “Modern problems of ecology of the Azov-Black Sea basin” (October 8–9, 2008) Kerch, YugNIRO. Kerch: YugNIRO Publishing House. 2008. P. 12–17.
  15. Sebah L.K. Oil products reloading influence on the Kerch Strait ecosystem components // Materials of the V scientific-practical conference of the UO MANEB – Yuzhny – Odessa: Druk. 2006. P. 111–115.

If you have found a spelling error, please, notify us by selecting that text and pressing Ctrl+Enter.

Translate »

Spelling error report

The following text will be sent to our editors: