La Nina 2020–2021 and its manifestations in the European region

O.V. Marchukova, E.N. Voskresenskaya, A.S. Lubkov

 Institute of Natural and Technical Systems, RF, Sevastopol, Lenin St., 28


DOI: 10.33075/2220-5861-2023-1-7-14

UDC 551.583                                                                                            


   In this paper, the La Niña 2020–2021 is studied using the sea surface temperature (SST) from HadISST and currents at a 5 m depth data set from NCEP GODAS. Spatiotemporal analysis of anomalies in the Pacific Ocean reveals that La Niña formed in September 2020 belongs to the East Pacific type. Its maximum intensity is -1.12°C and the mature phase falls on October-December.

   The formed La Niña 2020–2021 resulted in air temperature anomalies over eastern and northeastern Europe in the autumn and winter months. Manifestations of the La Niña 2020–2021 event in air temperature anomalies in Europe are considered using the NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data and comparison is made with E-OBS data composites obtained for the period from 1950- 2019. In the autumn months, anomalous warming was observed in Eastern Europe, when air temperature anomalies reached +6°С, and in the winter months, cooling with anomalies down to -8°С was observed in the northwestern part of the study area. Almost all recorded statistically significant air temperature anomalies came true. On this basis, it was concluded that the weather conditions in northern and eastern Europe in 2020–2021, described using independent data, correspond to the identified patterns of the East Pacific type La Niña manifestations and confirm the previously obtained results based on decades of data.

Keywords: La Niña, sea surface temperature, currents, air temperature anomalies, Europe.

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