Assessment of impact of Adlersky landfill of solid municipal waste effluent to the river Herota biocenoses

N.К. Gudkova, Т.L. Gorbunova

Branch of the Institute of Natural and Technical Systems, Russian Federation, Sochi, Kurortny Av., 99/18

E-mail: n.k.gud@yandex.ru , tatianashaw@mail.ru

DOI: 10.33075/2220-5861-2017-3-115-121

UDC 574.632

Abstract:

   Impact of polluted effluents from solid municipal communal waste landfill to changes of river Kherota biocenoses had been investigated. Thorough analysis of the previous data, which describe this reservoir’s ecological problem, was made, the key risks connected to the waste dump were identified and conditions of the benthos and periphyton macrozoobetos communities were studied along the river’s flow. Basing on the results of hydrobiological analysis, it is found that the biocoenoses of the assessed reservoir are degrading from its upper flow to mouth, starting from the point of waste dump effluents discharge. Although Adler’s waste dump of town Sochi is officially closed, it is continuing providing negative impact to the ecosystem of river Kherota, which flowing into the Black Sea. Application of biological research methods allowed comprehensive assessment of the pollution affects on living organisms in river and determine the impact area of the landfill.

Keywords: solid municipal communal waste landfill, integrated monitoring, biocoenoses, environmental hazards, saprobity, species composition.

Full text in PDF (RUS)

LIST OF REFERENCES

  1. Gorbunova T.L. Bioindikacija v sisteme monitoringa okruzhajushhej sredy pri perehode k ustojchivomu razvitiju aglomerata goroda-kurorta Sochi. Sistemy kontrolja okruzhajushhej sredy. Sevastopol’: IPTS. 2016. Vol. 5 (25). pp. 94–102.
  2. Abakumov V.A. Rukovodstvo po metodam gidrobiologicheskogo analiza poverhnostnyh vod i donnyh otlozhenij. Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po gidrometeorologii i kontrolju prirodnoj sredy. L.: Gidrometeoizdat. 1983. 240 p.
  3. Calolihin S.Ja. Opredelitel’ presnovodnyh bespozvonochnyh Rossii i sopredel’nyh territorij: v 6-ti t. red. S.Ja. Calolihin. SPb.: Nauka, 1997– 2000.
  4. Shalapenok E.S., Meleshko Zh.E. Kratkij opredelitel’ vodnyh bespozvonochnyh zhivotnyh: ucheb. posobie dlja studentov biol. fak-ta. Minsk: Belorusskij gos. un-t, 2005. 241 p.
  5. Rozenberg G.S., Rjanskij F.N. Teoreticheskaja i prikladnaja jekologija. Nizhnevartovsk: Izd-vo Nizhnevartovskogo ped. in-ta. 2005. 292 p.
  6. Gudkova N.K., Krassovskaja S.P. O probleme utilizacii i upravlenija othodami g. Sochi. Uspehi sovremennogo estestvoznanija. 2006. No 9. pp. 36–38.
  7. Kulaeva A. Rekul’tivacija Adlerskoj svalki zavershena, no vopros ee vlijanija na okruzhajushhuju sredu ne zakryt [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.ewnc.org/node/9179, svobodnyj (data obrashhenija: 28.06.2017).
  8. Rezul’taty gidrohimicheskih nabljudenij za sostojaniem poverhnostnyh vod rek, raspolozhennyh v zone stroitel’stva Olimpijskogo kompleksa g. Sochi. 2011. [jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://voda.mnr.gov.ru/activities/detail.php? ID=6021, svobodnyj (data obrashhenija: 02.04.2017).
  9. Zinov’ev E.A., Kitaev A.V. O vozdejstvii vzveshennyh chastic na gidrofaunu. Izvestija Samarskogo nauchnogo centra RAN. 2015. Vol. 1, No 5. pp. 283– 288.
  10. Ostroumov S.A. Biologicheskij mehanizm samoochishhenija v prirodnyh vodoemah i vodotokah: teorija i praktika. Uspehi sovremennoj biologii. M.: Nauka. 2004. Vol. 124, No 5. pp. 429–442.

If you have found a spelling error, please, notify us by selecting that text and pressing Ctrl+Enter.

Translate »

Spelling error report

The following text will be sent to our editors: