A.V. Skatkov, A.A. Bryukhovetskiy, D.V. Moiseev, Yu.E. Shishkin
1Sevastopol State University, RF, Sevastopol, Universitetskaya St., 33
2Institute of Natural and Technical Systems, RF, Sevastopol, Lenin St., 28
The work describes a discriminant approach and a program system for detecting anomalies of processes occurring in the ecosystem of the water area based on the Markov model. The conditions and results of a statistical simulation experiment are presented in order to compare the reliability of the analytical and simulation models and determine the control and warning boundaries for making decisions on the presence of anomalies. To solve the problem of detecting process anomalies according to the monitoring of the water area, an adaptive method based on a discrete wavelet decomposition of observation data and a statistical detection algorithm is proposed. To adapt the wavelet transform to the task of identifying process anomalies according to monitoring data, it is proposed to use the sliding window method.
The essence of the discriminant approach is to compare two matrices of transition probabilities constructed by the analytical and simulation models. Using the matrix of the analytical model, we can determine the matrix of final probabilities. This will be a vector depending on the number of modeling steps. According to the discriminant approach, matrices of transition probabilities are compared, the difference between them is estimated according to the element maximum difference criteria and if it is modulo larger than the border set by the expert, then the matrices are considered different, this is the critical controlled quantity decision threshold. The values of the environmental parameters observed in such transitional states are designated as the control and warning boundaries of decision making.
The development of an intelligent technology for detecting anomalies in the state of ecosystems in the Sevastopol aquatorium based on the application of proposed approach will lead to an increase in the validity, reliability, reliability and efficiency of decision support processes for assessing the ecological state of the environment.
Keywords: simulation modeling, anomalies, water area monitoring, anomaly detection, Markov model, wavelet decomposition.
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[IEEE] A.V. Skatkov, A.A. Bryukhovetskiy, D.V. Moiseev, and I. E. Shishkin, “DISCRIMINANT APPROACH TO DETECT ANOMALIES USING MARKOV SEQUENCES,” Monitoring systems of environment, vol. 4, pp. 43–49, Dec. 2019.
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