Unique semantic numbers of biological collection items for databases

A.M. Lyakh

 The A.O. Kovalevsky Institute of Marine Biological Research of RAS, RF, Sevastopol, Nakhimov Av., 2

Email: me@antonlyakh.ru

DOI: 10.33075/2220-5861-2019-2-43-50

UDC 57.062:004.043:351.852.15


   For the purpose of qualitative analysis of a biological component of the environment it is necessary to keep found specimens in biological collections. To provide access to collection specimens and information about them, unique соllection numbers are used. The rules for forming unique semantic collection numbers are described in the article

   The number consists of the organization prefix, the collection prefix and of the semantic component with metadata about collection specimen. The organization prefix allows distinguishing numbers of different organizations. For the designation of the numbers of the Institute of Marine Biological Research (Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas) the prefix ibss is used. The prefix of collection is necessary for the distinguishing the numbers of different collections. In IMBR the following collection prefixes are used: meib – collection of meiobenthos; amph – collection of Amphpoda; prs – collection of marine parasites.

   The semantic component of the collection number includes four parts. The first one is a serial number of a collection item. The second one is an abbreviation of taxonomic or ecological group of organisms. The third part of the semantic component identifies species. Two options are suggested. In the first a species ID is a unique thirty-hexadecimal alphanumeric code. In the second it is a two-three-letter abbreviation that is constructed from generic and specific epithet. The fourth part designates a type status and the number of type specimens. The type status is a character: h – holotype, p – paratype, a – allotype, v – voucher. After it there is the number of specimens of this type status.

   These collection numbers are used in the collections of the Institute of Marine Biological Research: marineparasites.org and collections.marine-research.org.

Keywords: collection number, taxonomic database, species, type specimen, voucher specimen, semantic data.

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