Concept of using and modeling of a marine autonomous smart profiler

L.A. Krasnodubets1,2

 1Sevastopol State University, RF, Sevastopol, Universitetskaya St., 33

2 Institute of Natural and Technical Systems, RF, Sevastopol, Lenin St., 28

Email: lakrasno@gmail.com

DOI: 10.33075/2220-5861-2020-3-106-113

UDC 551.46:[681.2:004.31.2]

Abstract:

    The article focuses on the development of technical support in terms of expanding the measuring base and improving marine profilers for operational observation systems as part of a new and developing   scientific and applied field – operational oceanography. The concept of using a marine autonomous intelligent profiler for operational measurements of the thermohaline profile parameters of a stratified ocean environment with a significant reduction in the time to conduct an experiment using smart profiling is presented. At the same time, time savings are achieved due to the flexible control of the high-speed modes of vertical movement of the marine autonomous profiler with adjustable buoyancy. Low profiling speeds avoid significant dynamic   distortions in the measurements obtained from inertial sensors.   However, in a homogeneous environment, after taking measurements, the speed of the profiler can be significantly increased. The purpose of the smart profiler as a mobile data   collection platform is to analyze its own motion and the properties of the surrounding ocean environment and choose, on this basis, a high-speed profiling mode that provides an acceptable level of dynamic distortion in the sensor data   installed on board the measuring equipment. The results of computer simulation of the proposed smart structure in the MATLAB & Simulink environment based on the original mathematical models that make up its    subsystems are presented. We studied the process of “smart” profiling during the transition of the profiler from a cruising speed mode (fast) to a working speed mode (slow), as well as its return  to  cruising speed in a stratified ocean environment. In this case, the behavior strategy of the smart profiler (ensuring the specified accuracy of thermohaline measurements) was implemented by choosing a speed mode based on the analysis of dynamic measurements of its motion parameters and stratification of the profile by density.

Keywords: smart structure, adaptive controller, speed stabilization system, smart profiling, marine profiler, adjustable buoyancy, mathematical model, seawater density, dynamic measurements.

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